What are the main types of vascular surgery? Vascular surgeons treat arteries, veins, and lymphatic by performing vascular surgeries. These surgeries help in treating vascular disorders, thereby and improving the quality of life. Veins and arteries can develop numerous life-threatening conditions, leading to severe consequences, such as a stroke.
Vascular diseases affect blood vessels that carry the blood to different parts of the body. If you experience weakness or blockage in the blood vessels, you need to undergo vascular surgery. The type of surgery depends on your condition. Delays can increase the severity of your condition, leading to internal bleeding and rupture. Visiting a vascular surgeon in time can prevent it from getting severe. In this article, we will discuss some major vascular surgeries for vascular diseases:
Types of Vascular Surgery
1. Peripheral Artery Bypass
Peripheral artery bypass helps in clearing the blood flow when you have a blocked artery in your leg. When fat deposits inside the arteries, blood travels through a narrower path, blocking circulation. The symptoms of this condition include heaviness and pain in your leg. This will cause difficulty in walking. The pain will grow severe, especially during the night and when your feet are resting. You might also develop dead tissue and sores.
A vascular surgeon can recommend other treatments such as exercise, medication, wound care, or quitting cigarettes. If all these less-invasive measures fail to work, your doctor will recommend a surgical bypass.
2. Carotid Artery Surgery
On each side of your neck, carotid arteries are responsible for transferring oxygen-rich blood to your brain. That is why these arteries must function properly. When these arteries fail to provide blood to your brain, your brain cells will start to die. When any part of your brain does not receive sufficient blood, you will start getting strokes. Strokes can be life-threatening or even cause permanent or temporary mental impairment. When you have carotid artery disease, you will develop plaque in the arteries, blocking the blood flow to the brain. A vascular surgeon will run the test and identify the best treatment to minimize your risk. You can also refer carotid artery surgery to CEA or carotid endarterectomy.
3. Abdominal Endovascular Aneurysm Repair
The vascular surgeon will suggest endovascular repair to treat an abdominal aortic aneurysm. The condition relates to a large artery, aorta, below your heart. It means experiencing AAA due to a bulge in your aorta. The wall of this artery grows weak, causing it to bulge. When the swelling worsens, the walls might start tearing. When you undergo such treatment, a surgeon will treat the weak and bulgy section of your artery, prevent any risk of tearing.
4. Coronary Angioplasty and Stenting
Coronary angioplasty or percutaneous coronary intervention is a treatment option that you might undergo to unclog your heart arteries. The surgeon will insert a catheter inside your blood vessel to improve the blood flow. Inserting this balloon catheter will widen the vessels. Angioplasty also includes a stent that goes into your artery. This wire mesh tube will keep your artery open, reducing any risk of further blockage. To keep the artery open, surgeons use drug-eluting stents covered with medication.
Angioplasty will alleviate shortness of breath, chest pain, and other symptoms of blocked arteries. Angioplasty also helps with a heart attack, reducing damage to the heart. This treatment instantly helps with blockage to the artery.
Cryoplasty helps in treating peripheral vascular disease. This therapy opens up the arteries. Arteries transfer the blood to your body from the heart. If plaque damages the internal lining of arteries or clogs the blood pathway, your body parts will not receive an abundant supply. Plaque can be tissue, cholesterol, or fat blocking the inner wall of the artery. Most people develop this condition in their legs. The symptoms of improper blood flow can be numbness, cramping, and pain. Once your vascular surgeon improves the flow, you will feel less stressed.
6. Deep Vein Thrombosis
DVT or Deep vein thrombosis is a critical condition, and it develops with the blot clotting in your vein. These superficial veins are deep in your body. A blood clot is a solid clump of blood that fills inside your vein, blocking the flow. You might experience such conditions in your lower leg or thigh, but blood can also clot in other parts of your body. You might also recognize this condition as a postphlebitic syndrome, post-thrombotic syndrome, and thromboembolism.
Types of Vascular Surgery: Conclusion
If you are suffering from such a vascular disease or need to know more about the symptoms and complications of your condition, visit the Vascular Surgery and Vein Center in New York City. At our clinic, you will consult with Dr. Norman Chideckel, one of the city’s top vascular surgeons. He will diagnose your vascular condition and suggest a suitable treatment.
Vascular Surgery & Vein Center
108 East 96th Street
New York, NY 10128