Vascular disease encompasses all diseases that affect your veins, arteries, capillaries and the entire circulatory system. This can include diseases ranging from your veins, arteries, and lymph vessels. They also include obstruction of blood flow from blood disorders which affect the circulation of blood.
It is important to understand how blood vessels operate inside your body. They are tubes that are elastic in nature and essentially carry blood to every part of your body.
Quite evidently, the appropriate functionality of blood vessels is of critical importance and is critical in defining the overall health of an individual.
Arteries, veins, and capillaries are all-inclusive of what comprises blood vessels.
Types of Vascular Diseases
Some vascular diseases occur in your arteries, while some diseases occur in your veins, and a vascular surgeon is responsible for diagnosing the kind of vascular disease you may have fallen victim to.
There are a number of vascular diseases that a vascular surgeon has to deal with:-
Peripheral Artery Disease
This type of vascular disease has to do with the buildup of plaque inside your arteries which is known as atherosclerosis. When you have built up plaque inside your peripheral arteries, eventually, your arteries start to narrow and cause a lesser flow of blood to your arteries.
Insufficient flow of blood to your body tissues can prove to be a serious health concern and may lead to ischemia.
There are a few different types of peripheral arterial diseases:
Peripheral Artery Disease
This type of disease has to do with blockage in your legs, and severe cases of loss of circulation in your leg may lead to amputation.
Renal Artery Disease
This type of disease is caused by a blockage in your renal arteries and, if not treated timely, may lead to kidney failure.
Intestinal Ischemic Syndrome
When your blood vessels traveling through your gastrointestinal system are blocked, you may suffer from Intestinal Ischemic Syndrome.
Popliteal Entrapment Syndrome
This type of vascular disease generally affects athletes. The blood flow in your leg can sometimes be constrained when the tendons near the knee constrict the popliteal artery. This may lead to possibly damaging the artery.
Generally known to affect the small and medium-sized arteries, this type of disease is known to have an association with the use of tobacco and smoking. There may be a blockage in the arteries of your arms or fingers, essentially causing a lack of blood flow to your fingers, toes, feet, and hands.
There are chances of the tissue completely dying in the event of severe blockages, and the vascular surgeon may have to treat the affected area with amputation.
Carotid Artery Issue
This type of disease occurs in two main carotid arteries in your neck. There are three main carotid artery diseases.
Carotid Artery Disease
This type of disease may induce a stroke or a Transient Ischemic Attack. It can occur by a blockage in the arteries, which are essentially supplying your brain.
Carotid Artery Dissection
This type of carotid artery issue has to do with a tear in your artery wall and follows blood leaking through this tear and spreading across the walls of the layer.
Carotid Body Tumor
This type of disease induces growth in the nervous tissue around the carotid artery
This type of disease occurs when the valves inside your veins are damaged, not being able to close completely. The valves may not be able to hold the blood as your muscles relax, which can cause the pooling of blood and block blood clots from forming.
Damaged valves in your veins may cause your veins to twist and turn purple under your skin, leading to varicose veins.
Swollen capillaries can lead to small purple bursts on your knees or thighs.
Vascular Disease: Conclusion
Contact Vascular Surgery and Vein Center to consult about the best treatment options based on your specific needs.
Dr. Norman Chideckel is a board certified vascular surgeon specializing in the treatment of various vascular diseases like varicose veins, spider veins, blood clotting, and all other vascular conditions.
Call today to schedule a free consultation.
Vascular Surgery & Vein Center
Dr. Norman Chideckel
108 East 96th Street
New York, NY 10128